ARROWROOT BULBS Maranta arundinacea arrowroot maranta West Indian arrowroot obedience plant Bermuda arrowroot 2 Rhizomes bulbs Root

by hoxem

Arrowroot is a perennial plant growing to a height of between 3 metres (12 in) and 1.5 metres (59 in). Its leaves are lanceolate.The edible part of the plant is the rhizome.Twin clusters of small white flowers bloom about 90 days after planting.The plant rarely produces seed and reproduction is typically by planting part of a rhizome with a bud. Rhizomes are ready for harvesting 10–12 months after planting as leaves of the plant begin to wilt and die.The rhizomes are fleshy, cylindical, and grow from 20 centimetres (7.9 in) to 45 centimetres (18 in) long. The arrowroot plant probably originated in the Amazon rainforest of north-western Brazil and neighboring countries.It grows best between temperatures of 23 °C (73 °F) and 29 °C (84 °F) with annual precipitation between 1,500 millimetres (59 in) and 2,000 millimetres (79 in). The dormant rhizomes can withstand temperatures as low as 5 °C (41 °F).Uses:—Tubers can be eaten raw or baked but are very fibrous.To extract the starch,the tubers are first washed and then crushed.This pulp is mixed with water and passed through sieves to remove the fibres.The water is then evaporated off the trays, leaving the starch behind.The highly digestible starch is used in pastries,biscuits,and is preferred to flour in thickening soups,sauces and gravies.How to Grow:—In cooler areas plant in spring,in frost-free tropical areas, plant at the beginning of the monsoon season, rich organic soil.Plant the rhizome 5-7.5 cm deep.Space plants about 30 cm apart.The rhizomes are ready to harvest at 10-12 months after planting when the leaves turn yellow and the stems fall over.

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